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  What do you know about Prostate Cancer ?


What is the prostate ?

Only men have a prostate. The prostate is a gland about the size and shape of a walnut. The prostate lies underneath the bladder and surrounds the urethra, the tube through which men urinate and ejaculate. The main job of the prostate is to make most of the fluid, called semen, that carries sperm.


What can go wrong ?

The main types of prostate problems are:  an enlarged prostate - the most common problem; prostatitis - an inflammation or infection in the prostate; prostate cancer.


What changes should I look out for ?

Most men with early prostate cancer don’t have any symptoms. If you have problems urinating that could be a sign of a prostate problem, most commonly an enlarged prostate, or another health problem. It is important to get any symptoms checked out by your GP so that they can find out what’s causing them and make sure you get the right treatment if you need it.

Symptoms caused by prostate problems may include: needing to go for a pee more often, especially at night, for example if you need go after about another two hours; difficulty starting to urinate; straining or taking a long time to urinate; a weak flow when you urinate; a feeling that your bladder has not emptied; needing to rush to the the toilet; dribbling urine. Less common symptoms include: pain when urinating; pain when ejaculating; problems getting or keeping an erection (though this is more often caused by other health conditions); blood in your urine or semen.


What is an enlarged prostate ?

An enlarged prostate is an increase in the size of the prostate. It is not a form of cancer and can be treated.


What is prostatitis ?

Prostatitis is a common problem too. It can affect men of any age but is most common between about 36 and 50. It’s an inflammation or infection in the prostate and is not cancer.


What is prostate cancer ?

Prostate cancer can develop when cells in the prostate start to grow in an uncontrolled way. Some prostate cancers grow slowly and may never cause a problem. However, some men will have prostate cancer that is more likely to spread and that needs treating.


What are the symptoms of prostate cancer ?

Most men with early prostate cancer have no symptoms at all. Some men do, however, and they are listed above. Possible symptoms of more advanced prostate cancer include pain in your back, hips or pelvis, though again, these could be caused by other health issues, but it’s still a good idea to see your GP.


Am I at risk of prostate cancer ?

Only men get prostate cancer (women don’t have one). There are certain factors that increase your risk, including: Age - prostate cancer mainly affects men over 50 and that risk increases with age. Ethnicity - in the UK about one in four black men will get prostate cancer at some point in their lives. Family - you are two-and-a-half times more likely to get prostate cancer if your father or brother has been diagnosed with it, compared to a man who has no relatives with prostate cancer. You are also at higher risk of prostate cancer if your mother or sister has had breast cancer. Lifestyle - we don’t yet know how to prevent prostate cancer but diet and a healthy lifestyle may be important in protecting against the disease.


What should I do next ?

If you have any of the symptoms mentioned above you might want to get further advice from your GP.


Where can I get more information ?

You can also contact Prostate Cancer UK either by phone - 0800 074 8383, to speak confidentially to a specialist nurse - or go to their website -


Can I make a donation to Prostate Cancer UK ?

Yes, you can do this either through the Seniors Golf Association (email us - You can also add a donation to your entry fee when you enter one of our tournaments - the amount is entirely up to you and it will all be passed on to Prostate Cancer UK.

SGA will never pass on your email or other private information to any other party. Your details remain safe. 

Or you can donate direct to Prostate Cancer UK ( If you do, please use the code - 856710 (which tells Prostate Cancer UK that you found details on the SGA website).


Thank you

Thank you to those who donated to the Prostate Cancer UK fund this year. You raised £118.00


The Seniors Golf Association is proud to support Prostate Cancer UK.